Mpikisano wa Njinga za Msewu

Mpikisano wa njinga zam'misewu ndi njira yamasewera apanjinga yamsewu, yomwe imachitikira m'misewu yokonzedwa.Kuthamanga kwapamsewu ndiye njira yotchuka kwambiri yothamangira njinga, malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa omwe akupikisana nawo, zochitika komanso owonera.Mitundu iwiri yodziwika bwino ya mpikisano ndizochitika zoyambira, pomwe okwera amayamba nthawi imodzi (ngakhale nthawi zina ali ndi chilema) ndikuthamangira kuti akhazikitse pomaliza;ndi mayesero a nthawi, pamene okwera pawokha kapena magulu amathamanga okha pawotchi.Mpikisano wamasiteji kapena "maulendo" amatenga masiku angapo, ndipo amakhala ndi magawo angapo oyambira kapena kuyesa nthawi yotsatizana.
Mipikisano ya akatswiri idachokera ku Western Europe, komwe kumakhala ku France, Spain, Italy ndi Mayiko Otsika.Kuyambira pakati pa zaka za m'ma 1980, masewerawa akhala akusiyana, ndipo mipikisano ya akatswiri tsopano ikuchitika m'makontinenti onse a dziko lapansi.Mipikisano yochita masewera olimbitsa thupi komanso yamasewera imachitikanso m'maiko ambiri.Masewerawa amayendetsedwa ndi Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).Komanso mpikisano wapachaka wa UCI wapadziko lonse wa amuna ndi akazi, chochitika chachikulu kwambiri ndi Tour de France, mpikisano wa milungu itatu womwe umatha kukopa otsatira 500,000 a m'mphepete mwa msewu tsiku lililonse.

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Tsiku limodzi

Miyezo ya akatswiri atsiku limodzi imatha kukhala yayitali mpaka 180 miles (290 km).Maphunziro amatha kuyenda kuchokera kumalo kupita kumalo kapena kukhala ndi gawo limodzi kapena angapo adera;Maphunziro ena amaphatikiza zonse ziwiri, mwachitsanzo, kutenga okwerawo poyambira ndikumaliza ndi maulendo angapo adera (nthawi zambiri kuwonetsetsa kuti owonerera aziwoneka bwino pomaliza).Mipikisano yodutsa maulendo afupikitsa, nthawi zambiri m'matauni kapena m'mizinda, imadziwika kuti zowunikira.Mitundu ina, yomwe imadziwika kuti olumala, idapangidwa kuti igwirizane ndi okwera omwe ali ndi maluso osiyanasiyana ndi / kapena zaka;magulu a okwera pang'onopang'ono amayamba choyamba, ndi othamanga kwambiri akuyambira kumapeto kotero kuti amathamanga kwambiri kuti agwire ena opikisana nawo.

Kuyesa nthawi

Individual time trial (ITT) ndi chochitika chomwe okwera njinga amathamanga okha motsutsana ndi koloko pamalo athyathyathya kapena ogudubuza, kapena kukwera msewu wamapiri.Mayesero a nthawi ya timu (TTT), kuphatikizapo kuyesa kwa nthawi ya anthu awiri, ndi mpikisano wa njinga zapamsewu momwe magulu a okwera njinga amathamangira koloko.M'mayesero amtundu wamagulu ndi amtundu uliwonse, okwera njinga amayamba mpikisano nthawi zosiyanasiyana kuti chiyambi chilichonse chikhale chachilungamo komanso chofanana.Mosiyana ndi mayesero a nthawi yomwe ochita nawo mpikisano saloledwa 'kujambula' (kukwera mu slipstream) kumbuyo kwa wina ndi mzake, m'mayesero a nthawi yamagulu, okwera mu timu iliyonse amagwiritsa ntchito iyi ngati njira yawo yaikulu, membala aliyense akutembenukira kutsogolo pamene anzake ' khalani kumbuyo.Mipata ya mpikisano imasiyanasiyana kuchokera ku ma kilomita angapo (kawirikawiri mawu oyambira, nthawi yoyeserera ya munthu payekha nthawi zambiri yochepera ma 5 miles (8.0 km) musanayambe mpikisano wa siteji, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kudziwa kuti ndi wokwera ndani yemwe amavala jeresi ya mtsogoleri pa siteji yoyamba) mpaka pakati pa makilomita pafupifupi 20. (32 km) ndi 60 miles (97 km).

Randonneuring ndi ultra-distance

Mipikisano yothamanga mtunda wautali ndi zochitika zazitali kwambiri za siteji imodzi pomwe wotchi imathamanga mosalekeza kuyambira koyambira mpaka kumapeto.Nthawi zambiri amakhala masiku angapo ndipo okwerawo amatenga nthawi yopuma paokha, ndipo wopambana amakhala woyamba kuwoloka mzere womaliza.Pakati pa ma ultramarathon odziwika bwino ndi Race Across America (RAAM), mpikisano wongoyambira kugombe kupita kugombe, wagawo limodzi pomwe okwera amamayenda pafupifupi 3,000 miles (4,800 km) mkati mwa sabata.Mpikisanowu wavomerezedwa ndi UltraMarathon Cycling Association (UMCA).RAAM ndi zochitika zofanana zimalola (ndipo nthawi zambiri zimafuna) othamanga kuti athandizidwe ndi gulu la ogwira ntchito;palinso mipikisano yanjinga yotalikirapo yomwe imaletsa thandizo lililonse lakunja, monga Transcontinental Race ndi Indian Pacific Wheel Race.
Zochita zofananira za mpikisano wothamanga si mtundu wongothamanga basi, koma zimaphatikizapo kupalasa njinga njira yodziwikiratu mkati mwa nthawi yodziwika.


Nthawi yotumiza: Jul-02-2021